the Book of Gates and the Book of Am-Tuat

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the Book of Gates and the Book of Am-Tuat

Post by Syrianeh on 17.09.10 4:45

I am presently reading a fascinating book: "The Egyptian Heaven and Hell" by E.A. Wallis Budge. In it, he mentions two books that describe the Underworld for the deceased and maps it out for them as a guide in their passage to the afterlife. These books are called "The Book of Gates" and "The Book of Am-Tuat". Both are very similar in that they speak of different divisions, each with different characteristics and presiding Gods.

However, there is a big difference in both : the Book of Gates describes the Underworld as the kingdom of Osiris, and the Am-Tuat describes it as the kingdom of the God Sun Ra. By following the indications in the first book, the decesased would end up in Osiris' realm. By following the second book, the destination would be Ra's Holy Barge.

There is a transcript here:

http://www.sacred-texts.com/egy/gate/index.htm

Now, what caught my attention is that the Book of Am Tuat is found on royal tombs up until the 19th dynasty; after that, in the 19th Dynasty we find the Book of Gates - one of the first tombs to show it is that of Horemheb, the general that reigned as Pharaoh after King Tuthankhamun - who has been discussed in previous threads as possibly being related to the Asetians. In King Tut's tomb, extensive excerpts from the Book of the Dead were found, and these were later - apparently - used for the Book of Gates (a shorter version).

I might be wrong, but I think I have seen a pattern here, that is: two opposing schools of thought -afterlife being the Realm of the Sun God and the Realm of Osiris - alternating at different times during Egyptian rule. And, yes, they seem to coincide with the rise and fall of the Asetian kingdom and its temporary overtake by the Sethians, only to reappear again.

My point is that, according to this pattern, there would be a very differing view on the essence of the Afterlife depending on what Gods were ruling.

And that, well, the most interesting detail to be seen here, is the actual signs and clues left behind by these texts of an ongoing struggle between both Orders. At least, that's how I interpret it.



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Post by Jonathan on 17.09.10 7:14

Interesting post Syrianeh. I have similar thoughts and views like the ones you explained. I personally find it fascinating to find and interpret those signs and clues...

Feels like putting pieces of a lost puzzle together. Smile
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Re: the Book of Gates and the Book of Am-Tuat

Post by Divine 277 on 22.09.10 10:29

Syrianeh wrote:I am presently reading a fascinating book: "The Egyptian Heaven and Hell" by E.A. Wallis Budge. In it, he mentions two books that describe the Underworld for the deceased and maps it out for them as a guide in their passage to the afterlife. These books are called "The Book of Gates" and "The Book of Am-Tuat". Both are very similar in that they speak of different divisions, each with different characteristics and presiding Gods.

However, there is a big difference in both : the Book of Gates describes the Underworld as the kingdom of Osiris, and the Am-Tuat describes it as the kingdom of the God Sun Ra. By following the indications in the first book, the decesased would end up in Osiris' realm. By following the second book, the destination would be Ra's Holy Barge.

There is a transcript here:

http://www.sacred-texts.com/egy/gate/index.htm

Now, what caught my attention is that the Book of Am Tuat is found on royal tombs up until the 19th dynasty; after that, in the 19th Dynasty we find the Book of Gates - one of the first tombs to show it is that of Horemheb, the general that reigned as Pharaoh after King Tuthankhamun - who has been discussed in previous threads as possibly being related to the Asetians. In King Tut's tomb, extensive excerpts from the Book of the Dead were found, and these were later - apparently - used for the Book of Gates (a shorter version).

I might be wrong, but I think I have seen a pattern here, that is: two opposing schools of thought -afterlife being the Realm of the Sun God and the Realm of Osiris - alternating at different times during Egyptian rule. And, yes, they seem to coincide with the rise and fall of the Asetian kingdom and its temporary overtake by the Sethians, only to reappear again.

My point is that, according to this pattern, there would be a very differing view on the essence of the Afterlife depending on what Gods were ruling.

And that, well, the most interesting detail to be seen here, is the actual signs and clues left behind by these texts of an ongoing struggle between both Orders. At least, that's how I interpret it.





That one of the reasons I have asked in other post witch dynasty ( time line ) someone was referring to.


Any way It has also come to my a tension the vireos gods in ancient Egypt also tend to switch wives , threw the different dynasties ....
I have also found some clues to the 2 creation myths that is also a bit controversy...

Sincerely Divine 277
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